character trait: a word to describe a character's personality
example: independent, optimistic, determined
conflict: the problem in the story (person v. person, person v. self, person v. society, person v. nature)
foreshadowing: a hint about an event that happens later in the plot.
genre: the type of literature
example: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama, etc.
imagery: the use of images and other sensory details to help the reader imagine the scene in his or her mind
metaphor: a comparison of two unalike things
example: Her eyes are daggers.
mood: the feeling an author creates in a piece of literature to affect the reader
personification: to give an inanimate object human qualities
example: The wind whistled through the trees.
plot: the series of events in the story including the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, & resolution
point of view: who is telling the story (1st person: uses the words I, me) (3rd person: outside narrator)
repetition: the author repeats a word or phrase for emphasis
setting: where and when the story is taking place
simile: a comparison of two unalike things using the words "like" or "as"
example: Her eyes are like daggers.
symbol: an object that represents a person, idea or emotion
example: a rainbow symbolizes hope
theme: the author's message, the big idea
example: Communication is necessary between community members.
tone: the author's attitude or feeling towards the topic or subject