The 65th Infantry Regiment, nicknamed "The Borinqueneers" during the Korean War for the original Taino Indian name for Puerto Rico (Borinquen), is a Puerto Rican regiment of the United States Army. The regiment's motto is Honor et Fidelitas, Latin for Honor and Fidelity. The Army Appropriation Bill created by an act of Congress on March 2, 1899, authorized the creation of the first body of native troops in Puerto Rico. On 30 June 1901, the "Porto Rico Provisional Regiment of Infantry" was organized. On 1 July 1908, Congress incorporated the regiment into the Regular Army as the Puerto Rico Regiment of Infantry, United States Army. On 14 May 1917, the Regiment was activated and additional men were assigned, with the unit being sent to serve at Panama. On 4 June 1920, the Regiment was renamed 65th Infantry. During World War II, the Regiment saw action throughout Europe, especially France and Germany, participating in Naples-Foggia, Rome-Arno, and Rhin. Several Purple Hearts were awarded posthumously to members of the 65th Regiment.
The 65th Infantry Regiment participated in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and in what is known by the United States Department of Defense as the Global War on Terrorism. On 10 June 2014, the 65th Infantry was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS ON LATINO SOLDIERS IN U.S. HISTORY
Franqui-Rivera, H. Soldiers of the Nation: Military Service and Modern
Puerto Rico, 1868-1952. University of Nebraska Press.
Valenzuela, F. & Lemons, J. No Greater Love: The Lives and Times of Hispanic Soldiers. BookPros Publishing.
Fernandez, V. Hispanic Military Heroes. VFJ Publishing.
Rodriguez, M. & Zamora, E. Beyond the Latino World War II Hero: The Social & Political Legacy of a Generation. University of Texas Press.
De la Teja, J. A Revolution Remembered: The Memoirs and Selected Correspondence of Juan N. Seguín. Texas State Historical Association.