Prekindergarten–Grade 1

    Core Performance Indicators:

    common to all four ELA standards

    Throughout prekindergarten, kindergarten, and grade 1, students are developing the following core performance indicators in the key ideas of reading, writing, listening, and speaking.




    • Distinguish between print and pictures

    • Recognize the difference between letters and words

    • Follow left-to-right and top to bottom direction when reading

    • Locate parts of a book

    • Recognize and identify letters of the alphabet

    • Alphabetize high-frequency words according to the first letter

    • Distinguish the difference between vowels and consonants

    • Use beginning and ending consonants, as well as vowel sounds, to identify words

    • Recognize the different sounds that make up a word

    • Point to words in a text or on a chart when read aloud, matching spoken word to print

    • Recognize the singular and plural of frequently used words

    • Recognize own name and the names of friends and family in print

    • Recognize letter-sound correspondence

    • Recognize that words consist of a combination of sounds

    • Identify rhyming words

    • Monitor own reading by applying strategies (e.g., sounding out letters; using context, grammar, and picture clues; and rereading) to determine meaning

    • Read aloud with expression and fluency

    • Use computer software to support early reading development


    • Listen respectfully and responsively

    • Attend to a listening activity for a specified period of time

    • Avoid interrupting

    • Respond with expression appropriate to what is heard


      • Create a drawing, picture, sign, or other graphic to represent a word or concept

      • Follow left-to-right and top-to-bottom direction when writing

      • Use spacing between letters and words when writing on a line

      • Write recognizable upper- and lowercase letters in manuscript

      • Capitalize the first words of sentences, the letter "I," and proper nouns, such as names, days of the week, and months

      • Write the letters of own first and last names

      • Spell high-frequency words correctly

      • Use the singular and plural of high-frequency words

      • Put words together in sentence format by using

         - end punctuation, such as periods

         - various parts of speech, such as nouns and adjectives, and verbs

      • Begin to edit your writings, with assistance

      • Use beginning-of-sentence capitalization and end punctuation

      • Use classroom resources, such as word walls, picture dictionaries, teachers, and peers, to support the writing process

      • Give and seek constructive feedback in order to improve writing

      • Use computer software to support development of early writing skills


      • Respond respectfully

      • Use age-appropriate vocabulary

      • Take turns speaking in a group

      • Correct the pronunciation of words by using classroom resources, such as teachers, peers, audio- and videotapes, and computer software

      • Speak in complete sentences when required

      • Stay on topic

      • Speak audibly

      • Speak with expression appropriate to the occasion