• Fluency
    Oral reading fluency is more than just reading quickly. Fluency refers to the pace (speed) of reading, accuracy, attention to punctuation, phrasing, and voice intonation. Students can think of the acronym APE to help them remember to read fluently. The A represents accuracy, the P represents pace (speed), and the E represents expression (voice intonation and attention to punctuation). All of these elements are critical for readers to read fluently. Fluent reading allows the reader to spend more of their cognitive resources on comprehending the material. 
    boy reading