Therapeutic Counseling Approaches Such as…
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) combines two different approaches for a practical and solution-focused therapy. The idea behind CBT is that our thoughts and behaviours have an effect on each other. That by changing the way we think or behave in a situation, we can change the way we feel about life. The therapy examines learnt behaviours, habits and negative thought patterns with the view of adapting and turning them into a positive. This type of therapy is particularly helpful for those with specific issues. This is because it is very practical (rather than insight-based) and looks at solving the problem. Some of the people that may benefit from cognitive behavioural therapy include:
- Those who suffer from depression and/or anxiety
- People who have a fear or phobia
- Those who want to change their behaviour
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy
Dialectical behavioural therapy, or DBT for short, is a type of talking therapy designed to help you manage difficult emotions. The aim is to help you learn how to accept these emotions and regulate them so you are better able to change any behaviour that may be harmful or unhealthy. In DBT you will be working towards finding a balance between acceptance (accepting your emotions and who you are) and change (making positive changes to your behaviour and life). The four modules of DBT are:
- Mindfulness- helps you to observe your thoughts, be present and grounded in the moment.
- Interpersonal effectiveness- learn how to cope with personal conflict, how to say no and how to ask for what you need.
- Distress Tolerance- helps you understand, accept and tolerate distress better.
- Emotion Regulation- identifying and labelling your emotions, increasing positive emotional events and taking opposite action.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy
Solution-focused brief therapy - also known as solution-focused therapy - is an approach to psychotherapy based on solution-building rather than problem-solving. Although it acknowledges present problems and past causes, it predominantly explores an individual's current resources and future hopes - helping them to look forward and use their own strengths to achieve their goals.
- Therapy is short-term.
- Clients must want to change.
- Focus on the future - history is not essential.
- Clients are the experts and outline their own goals.