·                          Kindergarten Learning Objectives


          . 5

    • In Kindergarten, students learn to listen attentively, follow directions and express themselves fluently in complete sentences. They listen to a wide variety of children’s literature, including selections from fantasy, fiction and informational texts.
    • Through teacher modeling, the students are exposed to a variety of comprehension skills/strategies to gain meaning and understanding of the texts.
    • Reading, writing, listening and speaking are integrated, connected skills that build upon each other in Kindergarten. Speaking and listening are important academic and social skills and are necessary in order for children to become successful readers and writers.
    •  Rich language activities are vital in building and extending their vocabulary and conceptual knowledge. Students are exposed to fluent oral reading, through teacher modeling, in a variety of ways. They learn that spoken language is composed of sequences of sounds.
    • Students learn to segment, blend and identify the sounds in spoken words. They learn to identify and write the uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet and identify the sounds they represent. The students learn to decode and recode cvc words as well as learn numerous sight words. They use a variety of strategies to read words, sentences and simple texts.
    • Students learn the difference between pictures and print, the difference between letters, words and sentences and the understanding that print carries a message. They also learn various concepts about print including that words have spaces between them; print is read from left-to-right and from top-to-bottom, and capitalization and punctuation.
    • In writing, students learn about various genres including personal narrative, response to literature, informational writing and persuasive writing. Initially, students concentrate on developing their illustrations with an oral description and/or story.
    • Eventually students will begin to use their knowledge of sounds and letters to write words and sentences independently. The students will move through the developmental stages of writing at different rates.                                                                                                       
    • Students are encouraged and supported by teachers to move through the stages by having many opportunities to write. They also learn some conventions of writing including word spacing, capitalization and punctuation.